The Japanese machinery industries, through constant and untiring R&D, have achieved a world-class level of technology worthy of pride. However, this painstakingly cultivated technology and know-how has, in recent years, begun to flow unintentionally to developing countries. The outflow takes many routes and is not limited to the movement of personnel. Technology drain can occur at almost any stage in business relations with foreign companies, including initial discussions for orders or development, actual production for procurement or outsourcing, and even at the machine maintenance stage. In order to prevent even greater technology drain, the JMF has been studying countermeasures and plans to issue recommendations by the end of 2014.